Visited by over 350,000 visitors each year, Serengeti National Park is Tanzania’s oldest and most popular park. Known for its great migration of wildebeest, zebras and gazelle, the park stretches north to the Kenyan border and west, to the edge of Lake Victoria in northern Tanzania. The grasslands of the Serengeti plains, swampy black clay of the Grumeti River, and the open woodlands of the northern Serengeti, are home to a spectacular variety of wildlife. Predator versus pray dominates life in the park. Spot a Maasai lion stalking its dinner on the grassy plains, or see the crocodiles lie in wait for a wildebeest feast. A Unesco World Heritage Site since 1981, Serengeti National Park offers the complete safari experience.
Serengeti Animal Migration Viewing
The annual migration of the wildebeest is one of the most impressive sights in Africa. About 1 million wildebeest are constantly on the move following the path of the rains and the new grass. Much of their journey passes through various parts of the Serengeti eco-system. In the southern short grass plains they give birth, from January through to March. Then up through the northern Serengeti they travel, with a two month absence into the Maasai Mara in Kenya for September and October. In November, the short rains bring them south back into the Serengeti to start the process all over. It’s not only the wildebeest; herds of zebra and gazelle follow a similar pattern.
River Crossing Animal Migration
Witnessing a river crossing of the great wildebeest migration is a truly dramatic spectacle. The path of the migration takes the herds across the Grumeti River in the Serengeti and then the Mara River in the Maasai Mara. The herds concentrate into a dense pack of many thousands of animals, plunging through the deep water, with crocodiles lying in wait for the weak and unwary. The major river crossings take place in July (Grumeti) and in September (Mara).
The crocodiles that live in the Grumeti River are renowned as the largest in Africa. Feasting on the casualties from the river crossings of the wildebeest, they can grow up to 6m long! There is an enthralling and dramatic tension in watching the wildebeest gather themselves to cross the river, as the crocodiles float nearby, awaiting their chance for dinner.